Molecular simulations of aqueous reactions
Diversification of resources is of increasing importance for all of Europe. One possible way to improve selfsufficiency is to increase utilization of renewable resources for the production of fuels and valuable chemicals.
Lignins are abundant organic polymers, which are one of the main structural components of biomass. With an annual production of 50 million tonnes, of less than 2.5% is used for production of value added chemicals and rest is burnt, lignin conversion offers promising potential as a source for the sustainable production of fuels and high value chemicals. However, neither the tertiary structure nor the sequence and monomeric composition of lignins are well defined. On the other hand, structures of the monomers that build lignins and the connections between the monomers have been documented to a large extent .
In my work I will build an IR and Raman spectra library of lignin fragments to aid experimentalists follow the lignin conversion pathways. I will employ Density Functional Theory and vibrational selfconsistent field  method to compute spectra with the anharmonic contributions. At the beginning, I will calculate spectra of monomers and small oligomeric model compounds. To account for the solvent effects we will extend our work by employing combined QM/MM methods, such as the novel adaptive QM/MM approach developed in the group (Fig. 1) .
In parallel, my work involves the development of the above mentioned adaptive QM/MM approach that allows for a diffusion of particles into and out of the QM region while conserving energy of a system. QM and MM regions in this method are connected by a transition region where each molecule possesses a fractional QM and a fractional MM character according to its position. The new development will allow the computation of IR spectra and other dynamic properties with adaptive QM/MM. As such, this work will significantly broaden the applicability and impoct of adaptive QM/MM in the field of molecular simulations.
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